Tuesday, May 23, 2017

Reflection

Part 1-
Article 1:
  1. Swimming Pigs
  2. This article talked about how tourism can affect the lives of animals. In the Bahamas, tourism had gone up greatly. Meaning that more people are visiting the islands. A popular sight to go to is Big Major Cay, to see the swimming pigs. It has been recently reported that the death toll for the pigs has gone up. It was later addressed that the deaths of the pigs were because of the increase tourism. When the tourist would go see the pigs they would throw food at them in the sand and the pigs would go and snort it up taking not only the food but the sand as well causing them to die.
  3. I chose this article to reflect on because it was one of the most interesting articles I had read over the course of the school year. I learned that something such as tourism can affect and maybe even wipe out a species because of the poor actions humans are making. Every action a human being makes could potentially affect the environment. It is up to us whether we affect it in a positive or negative way. This relates to what we learned in class because we are constantly talking about what we can do to keep animals from extinction and in this article the pigs are going down in population and we are the main cause of that.
Article 2:
  1. Tony Pugh, 6 Years after Deepwater Horizon Tragedy, US Issues New Drilling Rules.
  2. This article talked about The Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill that took place in 2010 in the gulf of Mexico, which is also known as BP Oil Spill. This was one of the biggest tragedies in environmental history. BP Oil company was drilling for oil in one of the many wells in the gulf of Mexico. Killing 11 people and severely injuring 14, and destroying an entire area of underwater wildlife. This Oil spill had a huge affect on humans and animals living around the incident. Because of the spill destroying so much wildlife it took and is taken a long time for everything to be back to normal.
  3. I chose this article for reflection because it was one event in my life that I vividly remember from when I was little. I learned about how they drill for oil in the ocean and how they do it. I remember watching coverage of it on the news. I was actually very fascinated by it and i also remember feeling bad as a kid. To see the images on TV of the ocean a mess it made me sad to think that something as beautiful as the ocean was being destroyed by an oil spill. This relates what we have talked about in class because we have talked about hydraulic fracturing and if something went wrong when drilling it could affect many people, like the oil spill affected the fish in the ocean.
Article 3:
  1. Overfishing
  2. In this article it not only talks about the effects overfishing has had just on fish, but also on other sea animals as well. While overfishing is affecting fish populations it is also having a great affect on other animals, such as dolphins, sea turtles, and sea birds. Beginning in 1954 when different and more industrialized ways of fishing were introduced, numbers in fish being caught had gone up rapidly. With more fish being caught than necessary and needed, it is harming the ocean greatly.
  3. I chose this article for reflection because it is a huge problem today. I learned that over fishing and the methods fishermen use such as trawling can affect the biodiversity of the ocean and also the dolphins because they are getting caught in the netting. This relates to what we have learned in class because we talked about overfishing and how it affects the ocean so greatly.
Part 2-
I really enjoyed reading articles on environmental issues and then reflecting on them. I feel as though it made me more aware of what is going on in the world. In order to find the articles I would first go on national geographic first and if I didn't find anything interesting enough I would go on a database provided by the school. I think I learned more about how environmental topics are connected to political views. I really enjoyed commenting and reading my classmate’s blog posts. It gave me another topic to learn about in a quicker way and also showing me their views on the topic. I think that the process I and my classmates went through was very good and I would personally not change anything about it. I feel that I learned from reading articles about environmental issues and I also learned a lot of my classmates through reading their blogs. I really enjoyed blog posts and it is probably my favorite part about Environmental Science this year.

Wednesday, May 17, 2017

Global Warming

Effects of Global Warming, National Geographic
Summary:
  • The planet is warming and that is called global warming.
  • Global warming is having a huge affect on animals in the environment.
  • One animal in particular is the polar bear.
  • With temperature rising and ice caps melting, polar bears are suffering greatly.
  • Along with the polar bear the the Adélie penguins on Antarctica are also being affected by global warming.
  • The sea level has been rising more quickly over the last century.
  • Precipitation (rain and snowfall) has increased across the globe, on average.
  • Sea levels are expected to rise between 7 and 23 inches by the end of the century
  • Hurricanes and other storms are likely to become stronger.
  • Floods and droughts will become more common.
Reflection:
I chose this article because global warming has come up in class a hand full of time.  Global warming is obviously an issue right now but I always wondered why it wa such a huge deal. From class discussion and reading more about it as the year went on I learned why and what we can do to make the earth warm slower. This article focused more on the effects global warming is having on polar bears specifically. This helped me better understand how polar bears live and how and why they are being so greatly affected by global warming.
I learned that although the earth will naturally warm up over time, there are ways that we can slow that process down. Yes we have already done a huge amount of damage already and that can never be undone, but we can do things now to not make it worse. Such as recycling, and carpooling. Simple things we do everyday has an affect on the environment. It is our choice whether those simple things we do everyday has a good affect on the environment or a bad affect on the environment.
How can we prevent global warming from happening so fast?

Richards, Photograph By Cory. "Global Warming Effects." Global Warming and Climate Change Effects: Information and Facts. N.p., 17 May 2017. Web. 17 May 2017.

Over Hunting

Over Hunting, Environmental Encyclopedia
Summary:
  • Overhunting is any hunting activity that has an adverse impact on the total continuing population of a species.
  • Due to the tremendous increase in the human population since the industrial revolution, there has been a overuse in many of the world's natural resources.
  • The demand for fish and shellfish has exemplified this misuse of natural resources.
  • Over hunting occurs and has endangered wildlife, even driving some species to extinction.
  • The world's most abundant bird, the passenger pigeon, was driven to extinction by overhunting.
  • Illegally hunted rhinoceros horn and elephant ivory, though banned from international trade, fetch high black market prices.
  • Even though they are protected by the law African rhinoceroses are endangered by poachers who sell the horns to Yemen and southeast Asia.
  • Wild cats such as lions are also hunted for their fur that sells for $100,000.
  • The cat's skin sells for $50,00.
  • Over hunting can exterminate an entire species and that affects the ecosystem greatly.

Reflection:
I chose this article because it caught my eye and my attention when it came upon discussion in class one day. I found it interesting that overhunting can affect the environment in such a huge way. I also found it interesting what the reason for over hunting really was. Poachers are killing these animals for a living and to support their family. I never really looked at poachers and assumed that killing animals was how they themselves would stay alive. I liked that there are laws put in place to help ensure the safety of animals, but I didn't like how they are not really enforced strongly.
By reading this article I learned a lot more about what overhunting really is and why animals are being over hunted. I think that the laws that are in place now to protect the animals could be enforced more. I think that if those laws are more strongly enforced than we would not see as much extinctions of animals over the years. Over hunting is obviously a serious matter in the environment but with more enforced las we can help save these animals from extinction.
What steps can we take to protect animals from extinction?

"Overhunting." Environmental Encyclopedia, edited by Deirdre S. Blanchfield, Gale, 2011. Science in Context, link.galegroup.com/apps/doc/CV2644151009/SCIC?u=prov94491&xid=a7f1888f. Accessed 11 May 2017.


Sunday, March 5, 2017

Swimming Pigs

Delaney Chambers, This Is What Really Killed The Famous Swimming Pigs


Summary:


  • Several animal deaths, including the swimming pigs, in the Bahamas have been recorded.
  • The recent influx is most likely what is behind the deaths of these pigs.
  • These animal death tolls had been recorded on Big Major Cay, one of the islands, according to the Bahamas Humane Society.
  • This is a major tourist sight due to the swimming pigs.
  • Initially thought that the pigs were been given alcohol by tourist, but later found out that the pigs may have been ingesting sand.
  • Veterinarians who visited found large quantities of sand in the deceased animals’ stomachs.
  • This may have been caused by the recent large numbers of tourist throwing food on the ground causing the pigs to eat and ingest sand as well.
  • “The pigs have been on the island so long, they are used to foraging for natural food,” Bethune says. The pigs would only go the beach for an occasional treat.”
  • But with the increase in tourism, the pigs are relying on humans more than ever.
  • “If we have boundary lines, people will be able to take photographs and see the pigs swim, but they will not be able to feed them things.”
  • With boundaries we can save the pigs.
Reflection:


In this article it talked about how something like tourism can affect the lives of animals. In the Bahamas, tourism had gone up greatly. Meaning that more people are visiting the islands. A popular sight to go to is Big Major Cay, to see the swimming pigs. It has been recently repostef that the death toll for the pigs has gone up. It was later addressed that the deaths of the pigs were because of the increase tourism. When the tourist would go see the pigs they would throw food at them in the sand and the pigs would go and snort it up taking not only the food but the sand as well causing them to die.
I chose this article because I recently was watching a TV show and the swimming pigs were shown and i was interested by them. I looked up swimming pigs and came across this article showing that they are dying. I was shocked and sad when I heard this news. It was sad to see that such a beautiful thing on an island is being taken for granted and destroyed. Without boundaries for the tourist the pigs will continue to die and there will eventually be no more pigs for tourist to see anymore. At the end of the article it was somewhat relieving that this tourist spot will have boundaries to protect the pigs.
How can the deaths of pigs on this island affect the environment and economy?


"This Is What Really Killed The Famous Swimming Pigs." National Geographic. National Geographic Society, 04 Mar. 2017. Web. 05 Mar. 2017.




Antartica Marine Reserve

Chelsea Harvey, In historic agreement, nations create the world's largest marine reserve in Antarctica



Summary:
  • 600,000 square-mile is more than twice the size of Texas.

  • This area is the largest marine reserve in the world.
  • It is located in Antarctica covering the Ross Sea.
  • This marine reserve will protect everything from penguins to whales.
  • This marine reserve will continue to protect everything until its renewal in 35 years.
  • The renewal is up to the elected officials at the time of the renewal date.
  • The marine reserve was decided by the Commission for the Conservation of Antarctic Marine Living Resource.
  • It was announced at the commission's annual meeting in Tasmania.
  • "It happened thanks to many years of persistent scientific and policy review, intense negotiations and principled diplomacy,".
  • It took time for this reserve to be put together, but with force it happen.


Reflection:
The world’s largest marine reserve is now located in Antarctica covering the Ross Sea. This reserve will protect anything from whales to penguins. The entire marine reserve covers 600,000 square-miles. That for example is twice the size of Texas. This shows how much area it is covering and protecting. In 35 years is when the elected officials at the time will decide whether to keep the reserve or not. It is completely up to whoever the next officials shall be. Although it was not easy to make this marine reserve happen it is finally there and protected so much area of animals and other forms of nature.
I chose this article because recently we had been discussing reserves and the importance of animal protection in class. I decided I wanted to know what was going on in the world and if we are making any efforts to make new animal reserves. It just so happened that recently the largest marine reserve in Antarctica has been announced by Commission for the Conservation of Antarctic Marine Living Resource. This reserve will not only help a few animals, but many. With this reserve being so large and in such a place of need it will assure the existence of life in that area for the next 35 years and hopefully on.
How can this new reserve be step closer in making more reserves as large as this one?


Harvey, Chelsea. "In historic agreement, nations create the world's largest marine reserve in Antarctica." Washington Post, 28 Oct. 2016.




Overfishing

Overfishing


Summary:
  • Overfishing is the depletion of fish in a body of water due to too much fishing.
  • Overfishing has a tremendous negative effect on targeted species.
  • As overfishing has a negative effect on targets species it also has a tremendous affect on non-targeted species.
  • Overfishing has also had a negative impact on diving seabirds, sea turtle, and dolphin population.
  • When fishermen use the trawling way of fishing these animals get stuck in the netting and end up dying.
  • Over the years, tuna purse seine nets in the eastern tropical Pacific have caused the death of millions of dolphins.”
  • Most of the time fisherman try and catch as many fish as possible at one time to maximize profits.
  • With the introduction of trawling and other industrialized ways of fishing in 1954 that is when fishing numbers went up.
  • Because we were fishing so much we went through times where there was not a lot of fish in the ocean to catch anymore.
  • With laws put in order our oceans could be kept safer and cleaner for fish and allow them to restock and replenish before we catch everything.


Reflection:
Beginning in 1954 when different and more industrialized ways of fishing were introduced, numbers in fish being caught had gone up rapidly. With more fish being caught than necessary and needed, it is harming the ocean greatly. Since overfishing had become a problem it is proven that fish populations are decreasing over the years. In this article it not only talks about the effects overfishing has had just on fish, but also on other sea animals as well. Over the years, tuna purse seine nets in the eastern tropical Pacific have caused the death of millions of dolphins.” While overfishing is affecting fish populations it is also having a great affect on other animals, such as dolphins, sea turtles, and sea birds. A solution to this problem would have to start from laws being put in place on how much you are allowed to fish.
I chose this article for my blog post because the topic was recently touched upon in class discussion and it brought a lot of question to mind. I wondered if there were laws put into place stating how much you could fish. I also wondered how much the ocean is really being affected by fishermen overfishing. I wondered how long it would take for species of fish to be replenished and restocked. As these questions were running through my head I immediately needed to know more about overfishing and the true effects it has on the environment and our oceans. This article helped me understand what exactly is being affected when we overfish and how so many other things are being affected not just the fish. How can overfishing affect us in the long-run?


"Overfishing." Environmental Encyclopedia, edited by Deirdre S. Blanchfield, Gale, 2011. Science in Context, Accessed 5 Mar. 2017.




Sunday, December 4, 2016

Hydraulic Fracturing

Kathleen Hartnett White, The Fracas about Fracking

Summary:
  • Fracking or Hydraulic Fracturing is a method for drilling for natural gas.
  • Last year, global natural-gas supplies rose 40 percent.
  • “From 2010 to 2011, the U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) doubled its estimate of recoverable natural gas in the U.S.”
  • Fracking has brought high paying new jobs for people, expansion of a ton of businesses, and increased tax revenues.
  • With all these benefits, it is natural gas that we are getting from fracking which is said to be the new clean or green energy of the future.
  • Although there are many pros to fracking there is a fierce anti-fracking movement going on currently. These people who are extremely against fracking believe that fracking is hurting our environment more than it is helping our economy.
  • Many critics of Hydraulic Fracturing claim that Hydraulic Fracturing could even kill you.
  • There has been many reports of water catching on fire in family households.
  • Water from faucets are catching on fire because of the chemicals that are being used to drill the natural gas, it is leaking into drinking water pipes of families homes and getting into their drinking water.
  • While fracking has many pros, it also has many cons. If we can find a safer and greener way to frack, fracking could be the change in our futures cleaner and newer energy source.

Reflection:
I chose this article because it was discussed and looked upon in class and I was very interested in fracking from the start. The first time I heard about fracking I hadn’t know much about it. It was when we watched the movie in class Gasland that helped me understand what fracking was and what the big deal with it was. At first when you initially hear what fracking is you do not think anything of it. You just figure it's a way of getting another energy from the ground. Well it certainly is, but a lot more goes into it and a lot of things are affecting by it as well. Fracking has increased tax revenues, supplied people with a new energy source, and even gave people high paying jobs, but there is a downside to fracking. When fracking a chemical is used that leaks into the pipes of people’s drinking water and later catches on fire out of the faucet. Fracking is affecting many people and their families. 
In this article specifically they were very biased. All this article talked about really was the benefits of fracking. It did touch on how there is a anti-fracking movement going on currently, but it said that the people in this movement were overreacting saying false things about fracking. They also mentioned the Oscar nominated movie Gasland, they also talked about how the movie gives false information. I do see and agree with the benefits of fracking, but if it continues to put people’s life’s at risk, then fracking cannot be the method to a newer and greener energy source after all.
If fracking were to become cleaner in the way of getting the natural gas, could it be the method to a cleaner energy source?

Hartnett White, Kathleen. "The Fracas about Fracking." <I>National Review</I>. 20 Jun. 2011: 38-41. <I>SIRS Issues Researcher.</I> Web. 04 Dec. 2016.

Fracking Video